Sharing a broadband connection with a router.
Sharing a broadband connection is so much easier compare to sharing a connection using Internet Connection Sharing. Basically you will need:
1. A broadband connection
2. A router
3. Network Interface card(s)
4. Your PCs
Firstly, switch off everything including your cable modem, in this example, I am showing you how share a SCV Maxonline broadband connection with other PCs, then off your PCs.
|Connect the cable modem to the router’s WAN port via a straight CAT 5 cable. Remember, connection from and to any devices such as switches, routers, hub uses straight cables while connection from and between PCs and laptops uses cross cables. A diagram from Linksys can be seen on your left. It should give you an idea of the difference between cross and straight cables.|
The SCV Cable modem. It is actually a Terayon cable modem.
Cables are laid from the living room to the router located in my room.
The WAN Port of my router is located on the back of the router. My router is the SMC Barricade 8 Port Broadband router (SMC7008ABR). Then from the router, connect CAT 5 cables that runs to your PC(s) or laptop(s)’s NIC.
If you PC does not have a NIC, you would need to purchase and install them.
A Network Interface Card from SMC.
Once all connections are made from the router to all the PCs, you can tidy up the cables or hide them. Your router will then look something like the following:
The router connected to 5 PCs and laptops.
Another closeup shot of the 8 port router.
Now, turn on all equipments in the following order:
1. Cable Modem – Wait a few seconds for the light on the modem to stabilise.
3. All PCs and laptop.
Remember to go through your manual of your own router as not all routers are to be configured the same way for it to work but generally:
1.Remove all proxy settings from your Internet Explorer or favorite browser.
2. Enable DHCP on your router via the Administration page.
3. Check your IP address of your machines connected to the router, they should be 192.168.2.xxx where xxx can be any number from 3 – 255.
The router administration page is a useful page to do virtual settings, open/ forward ports etc. I will just briefly touch on them and do note again, not all routers’ administration page will look the same and you should, no I mean you MUST refer to your manual to get all things running smoothly.
Now that you have set up everything and PC turn on with no proxy settings. You should be able to access the Internet already. Fire up Internet Explorer and surf to your favourite website(s). Fine? Great.
You may notice at a later time you may not be able send or receive files via mIRC or ICQ. This is due to the router’s security settings and firewall. it is there to protect you and your home network and not to mess things up or cause trouble. You can let them work properly by doing some settings.
Log on to your router’s administration page by opening Internet Explorer and go to http://192.168.2.1
You should be presented with the following:
Click login with no password if this is your first time as by default there is not password set. After logging in:
You should now set a password for the login. Refer to your manual or if you’re using the same router as I am (even the 4 port SMC 7004ABR/BR) the settings are the same, EXACTLY the same), go to Setup > Change Password Also remember to change your time zone. In Singapore it is GMT +8
In order to get your IRC and ICQ client to sent and receive files, you need to do the settings under Special Application. You can read up how to do it on PracticallyNetworked. The direct link is here.
Sharing file within your home network between PCs and laptops is the most common thing to do. How to do it isn’t going to be part of this tutorial since it is most of all available on the Internet and has been talked about upteen times. I’ll just provide you a link on how to do it here and here.
You would also like to share a printer since these are the few common things you will need to do. Refer to your printer’s manual and I am just going to show you the most common way(s).
That’s it. Till next time!
– Contributed by etegration
25 September 2002